Kazimierz Dolny Commune is a mixed urban-rural gmina (principal unit of territorial division in Poland), located on the eastern bank of the Vistula River in the Puławy County in the western part of the Lublin Province.
The commune comprises the town of Kazimierz Dolny and 14 sołectwos (subdivisions of gmina): Bochotnica, Cholewianka, Dąbrówka, Doły-Wylągi, Góry, Jeziorszczyzna, Mięćmierz-Okale, Parchatka, Rzeczyca, Rzeczyca-Kolonia, Skowieszynek, Wierzchoniów, Witoszyn and Zbędowice.
Zip code: 24-120, telephone area code: 81. Population: 7109 people live in the commune, 2144 of which reside in the town (data as of the end of 2010).
Kazimierz Dolny – origin of the name
The “Dolny” part of the name of the town means “lower,” as the town is situated further down the Vistula River than the former town of Kazimierz, which today is the district of Cracow. The attribute “Dolny” was added to the name to differentiate between the two towns.
Kazimierz Dolny is often also called simply Kazimierz or Kazimierz nad Wisłą (Kazimierz-upon-Vistula). In the Yiddish language it is known as Kuzmir – קוזמיר.
Coat of arms
The coat of arms of Kazimierz Dolny shows a tower placed on a crescent with two hexagrams, one at each end of the crescent. Colours used in the coat of arms are white, red, yellow and blue. The tower is modelled after the 13th-century watchtower depicted on the town stamp of Kazimierz Dolny from the 17th century. Today, the watchtower is a historical monument and it is one of the town’s most famous landmarks.
The flag of Kazimierz Dolny is a rectangle with blue background and three equally wide stripes in the foreground, starting from the left: yellow, white and red. In the middle of the flag on the three-colour pattern there is the coat of arms of the town.